(1) Use Some Startling Information Or Fact

Ex: Topic- Teenagers And Their Problems

A recent survey on teenagers provided some food for thought for parents. It was found that about 70 percent of them smoked, 40 percent watched pornographic videos and 14 percent took drugs. Several factors have been identified as contributing to these problems.

(2) Use An Anecdote *An anecdote is a short story that illustrates a point*

Ex: Topic- The Loafing Syndrome Among Teenagers

Raj and his friends do not go home after school. They hang out daily at a shopping complex to while their time away. There, they join many other students from other schools. Sometimes, they play some video games or just enjoy each other’s company. Raj and his friends are just the tip of the iceberg of the loafing syndrome among teenagers.

(3) Dialogue *Use only 2 or 3 exchanges between speakers to make your point* 

Ex: Topic- An Unforgettable Incident

“Help! Someone just snatched my purse!” The screams shattered the still of the night. Suddenly, lights were switched on and heads popped out of doors and windows. “Hey, what’s the matter?”

(4) Use a Question *You can also use a rhetorical question which jolts people into attention* 

Ex: Topic- Coping With Peer Pressure

What choice do you have if your friends are pressuring you to do something which you think is wrong? Would you walk away? Are you able to say ‘no’?

(5) Use a Definition 

Ex: Topic- Gawai Dayak Festival

In Sarawak, the word Gawai is the equivalent to a festival. Numerous Gawais are celebrated throughout the year by the State’s indigenous people but Gawai Dayak marks the end of the harvest season and heralds a new year.

(6) Use a Quotation

Ex: Topic- How To Save Water

It is better to be safe than to be sorry. That is the message of the environmentalists to those who take water for granted. For one day, we may be faced with the situation whereby there is not enough water for everyone. Thus, we should take steps to save water.

(7) Use a General Statement 

Ex: Ways To Reduce Pollution

Of late, there has been increasing concern with the impact of pollution on the environment and our society. The public outcry over the various environmental disasters in our own country should be lauded. How do we resolve these problems?